16401. The ratio of working capital to total capital investment for most chemical plants (except for non-seasonal based products) is in the range of __________ percent.
16402. Utilities cost in the operation of chemical process plant comes under the
16403. 14 banks were nationalized in
16404. Solubility of a substance which dissolves with an increase in volume and liberation of heat will be favoured by the
16405. Entropy is a measure of the __________ of a system.
16406. A chemical reaction will occur spontaneously at constant pressure and temperature, if the free energy is
16407. Fundamental principle of refrigeration is based on the __________ law of thermodynamics.
16408. For a spontaneous process, free energy
16409. A refrigeration cycle is a reversed heat engine. Which of the following has the maximum value of the co-efficient of performance (COP) for a given refrigeration effect ?
16410. In a working refrigerator, the value of COP is always
16411. __________ increases with increase in pressure.
16412. A refrigerator may be termed as a
16413. For a stable phase at constant pressure and temperature, the fugacity of each component in a binary system __________ as its mole fraction increases.
16414. Which of the following is not an intensive property ?
16415. Out of the following refrigration cycles, which one has the minimum COP (Co-efficient of performance)?
16416. Measurement of thermodynamic property of temperature is facilitated by __________ law of thermodynamics.
16417. The theoretical minimum work required to separate one mole of a liquid mixture at 1 atm, containing 50 mole % each of n- heptane and n- octane into pure compounds each at 1 atm is
16418. Keeping the pressure constant, to double the volume of a given mass of an ideal gas at 27°C, the temperature should be raised to __________ °C.
16419. Entropy of an ideal gas depends upon its
16420. Isobaric process means a constant process.
16421. No work is done by the system, when a reaction occurs at constant
16422. If the vapour pressure at two temperatures of a solid phase in equilibrium with its liquid phase are known, then the latent heat of fusion can be calculated by the
16423. The freezing point of a liquid decreases when the pressure is increased, if the liquid __________ while freezing.
16424. "At the absolute zero temperature, the entropy of every perfectly crystalline substance becomes zero". This follows from the
16425. ബ്രിട്ടീഷ് ഇന്ത്യയിലെ ആദ്യ വൈസ്രോയിയും അവസാനത്തെ ഗവർണ്ണർ ജനറലും? [Britteeshu inthyayile aadya vysroyiyum avasaanatthe gavarnnar janaralum?]
16426. During Joule-Thomson expansion of gases
16427. The accentric factor of a materical, 'ω', is defined as ω = -log10(Prsat)Tr-1 = 0.7, where, Prsat = reduced vapor pressure, Tr = reduced temperature. The value of accentric factor is always
16428. Degress of freedom at triple point will be
16429. "Law of corresponding states" says that
16430. Linde gas liquefaction process employs cooling
16431. Pick out the wrong statement pertaining to the decomposition of PCl5 represented by, PCl5 PCl3 + Cl2.Degree of dissociation of PCl5 will
16432. Joule-Thomson experiment is
16433. Boyle's law for gases states that
16434. 1st law of thermodynamics is nothing but the law of conservation of
16435. In a reversible chemical reaction (where, Δx = number of moles of products-number of moles of reactants )
16436. Out of the following refrigeration cycles, which one has maximum COP ?
16437. Pick out the correct statement:
16438. In any spontaneous process,
16439. Which of the following is a thermodynamic property of a system ?
16440. Equilibrium constant decreases as the temperature
16441. The expression, , gives the free energy change
16442. All gases during throttling process at atmospheric temperature and pressure show a cooling effect except
16443. Compressibility factor for almost all the gases are approximately same at the same
16444. Hilton Young commission was instrumental in the establishment of
16445. The co-efficient of performance (COP) of a refrigerating system, which is its index of performance, is defined as the ratio of useful refrigeration to the net work. The units of __________ and COP are the same.
16446. Where is the headquarters of Gulf Co-Operation Council?
16447. In jet refrigerators, the refrigerating fluid is practically always
16448. Water on heating from 1 to 4°C
16449. When was Lead Bank Scheme introduced?
16450. When pressure is applied on the system, icewater, then